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由同求異

曾鈺成

知微妙差異 善用同義詞
多學同義詞有助解決用詞重複的問題,也讓讀者學會多樣化的表達手法,以豐富多采之方式表情達意,提升英文寫作能力。


本書特色:

1 多用同義詞,寫作更生動
要提高寫作能力,善用同義詞是好方法,“吃”不只用eat,還可用bolt、devour、wolf 或 gobble形容“狼吞虎嚥”;nibble 或 nibble at形容“細嚼慢嚥”。在英文寫作裏運用同義詞,可令行文更準確、更優美。

2 話題生活化,貼近現代英語
含日常話題常用詞彙,例如“僭建”,政府的正式叫法是unauthorised building works(違例建築工程),簡稱UBW。又如NG(蝦碌),英文是bloopers。

3 分辨同義詞,便於靈活運用
try 和 attempt 意義接近,但attempt 通常是指難以成功的嘗試。try 和strive、struggle之區別,是 strive 有持續努力的意思,struggle 的目的未必可以達到。rich 和 wealthy看似可以互用,但在常用說法如rich and famous people,只用 rich而不用 wealthy。

4 提供字源及有趣的歷史背景
說明部份字詞的字源及有趣的歷史背景。例如,lodestar 這個字本來解作“北極星”;lode 原是 load 的另一種拼法,而load 在古英文指路線、方向,所以 lodestar 是指路的明星,即是從前行船賴以導航的北極星。這字被借用來表示指導的原則或者可以模仿的榜樣。
定價:78

作者簡介

曾鈺成

曾鈺成,1968年畢業於香港大學,到香港培僑中學任教,於1983年獲香港大學教育碩士學位,1985年出任培僑中學校長,現任該校校監。1992年民主建港聯盟成立,曾鈺成出任創黨主席。香港回歸前,曾鈺成曾出任香港特別行政區籌備委員會成員。1997年至1998年出任香港特別行政區臨時立法會議員。

1998年第一屆立法會選舉,他在九龍西選區贏得議席。其後在2000年和2004年在九龍西成功連任。2002年獲委任為行政會議成員,同年獲頒金紫荊星章。2008年和2012年立法會選舉,曾鈺成由香港島選區出選,成功連任,並當選為第四屆及第五屆香港立法會主席。2015年獲頒大紫荊勳章。曾鈺成於2016年從立法會退下,創辦“香港願景研究計劃”,從事政策研究。現為香港中文大學社會科學院榮譽教授、“香港願景”召集人。

目錄

Preface 序 ......................................... i

1 即便啟齒 ............................... 002
(toilet, restroom, bathroom, washroom, water closet, lavatory, powder room, ladies’ room, women’s room, gentlemen’s room, men’s room)

2 取消資格 ............................... 004
(disqualify, unqualify, unfit, unprepared, incompetent, inadequate)

3 毫無保留 ............................... 006
(unqualified, absolute, complete, perfect, outright, sheer, thorough, utter)

4 人人有份 ............................... 008
(people, person, individual, chairperson, salesperson, spokesperson)

5 愚不可及 ............................... 010
(idiot, bonehead, nincompoop, imbecile, empty jack-o-lantern, suntanned ham-loaf, sweet potato)

6 說三道四 ............................... 012
(say, remark, observe, comment, opine, point out)

7 犬吠狼嗥 ............................... 014
(bark, roar, growl, howl, bleat, purr, twitter, crow, caw, coo)

8 樂而後笑 ............................... 016
(laugh, guffaw, chortle, giggle, grin, brim, chuckle, grin, beam, simper, smirk)

9 不能接受 ............................... 018
(unacceptable, intolerable, inadmissible, unbearable, unendurable, insufferable)

10 孰不可忍 ............................... 020
(deplorable, awful, dreadful, wretched, miserable)

11 碩大無朋 ............................... 022
(big, large, huge, vast, colossal, enormous)

12 嬌小玲瓏 ............................... 024
(small, little, minute, tiny, minute, dainty, delicate)

13 吝嗇事實 ............................... 026
(lie, misrepresentation, misstatement, inaccuracy, mendacity, duplicity, deceit, deception, fabrication)

14 荒謬可笑 ............................... 028
(laughable, ludicrous, ridiculous, farcical, funny, absurd, preposterous)

15 新年快樂 ............................... 030
(merry, happy, glad, pleased, delighted, cheerful, thrilled, overjoyed)

16 黃金歲月 ............................... 032
(ageing, old, elderly, senior, geriatric)

17 青春常駐 ............................... 034
(young, youthful, juvenile, immature, green, childish, puerile, childlike)

18 髒話連篇 ............................... 036
(shit, dirt, dung, droppings, poo, poo poo, poop)

19 預知未來 ............................... 038
(predict, foretell, forecast, prophesy)

20 驕傲自大 ............................... 040
(proud, arrogant, conceited, cocky, complacent, haughty, supercilious, haughty, snobbish, boastful, bragging, pompous)

21 謙虛謹慎 ............................... 042
(humble, modest, self-effacing, reserved, shy, bashful, diffident)

22 勝任能幹 ............................... 044
(good at, great, wonderful, marvellous, incredible, competent, efficient, proficient, capable, skilled, skilful)

23 顢頇無能 ............................... 046
(incompetent, inefficient, incapable, clumsy, bungle, maladroit)

24 非法行為 ............................... 048
(unauthorized, unlicensed, illegal, unlawful, illegitimate, illicit)

25 國富民豐 ............................... 050
(rich, wealthy, well off, better-off, affluent, prosperous)

26 貧窮無助 ............................... 052
(poor, needy, penniless, hard up, broke, destitute of, impoverished, poverty-stricken)

27 合理可信 ............................... 054
(plausible, possible, convincing, credible, believable)

28 意見一致 ............................... 056
(consensus, in agreement with, in accord with, concurrence, by common / mutual consent)

29 爭論不休 ............................... 058
(controversy, conflict between / over, a bone of contention, disagreement between / over, an apple of discord)

30 堅決維護 ............................... 060
(uphold, adhere to, adhere to, persist in, maintain, sustain, defend, protect, safeguard)

31 促進鼓勵 ............................... 062
(promote, advocate, champion, encourage, support, facilitate, endorse, back)

32 不敢苟同 ............................... 064
(object, oppose, collaborate, disapprove of, disagree with, dissent from, protest against, complain of / about / against)

33 互相勾結 ............................... 066
(cooperate with / on, collude with / in, collaborate, conspire, connive, plot)

34 公平合理 ............................... 068
(fair, reasonable, equitable, evenhanded, impartial, unbiased)

35 有欠公允 ............................... 070
(unfair, unjust, prejudiced, biased, discriminatory, intolerant)

36 發展進步 ............................... 072
(develop, expand, advance, evolve)

37 粗言穢語 ............................... 074
(offensive, insulting, rude, crude, indecent, foul, abusive, derogatory, pejorative)

38 待人以禮 ............................... 076
(polite, courteous, civil, cordial, respectful, deferential, diplomatic)

39 無知無邪 ............................... 078
(naive, gullible, credulous, susceptible to, simple-minded, unsophisticated, innocent, artless, guileless, ingenuous)

40 叛逆難教 ............................... 080
(disobedient, mischievous, naughty, rebellious, defiant, wilful, headstrong, refractory, wayward, unruly, disorderly, undisciplined)

41 溫良馴服 ............................... 082
(obedient, amenable, dutiful, compliant, submissive, docile, subservient, obsequious, servile, fawning, abject)

42 冷酷無情 ............................... 084
(inhumane, cruel, brutal, vicious, callous, heartless, hard-hearted, merciless, pitiless, heartless)

43 宅心仁厚 ............................... 086
(humane, charitable, generous, benevolent, magnanimous)

44 苛捐雜稅 ............................... 088
(tax, customs, excise, duty, tariffs, levies)

45 以食為天 ............................... 090
(eat, consume, ingest, bolt, devour, wolf, gobble)

46 細嚼慢嚥 ............................... 092
(bite, gnaw, chew, masticate, munch, ruminate, swallow, gulp)

47 失儀蝦碌 ............................... 094
(gaffe, faux pas, a blunder in etiquette, impropriety, indecorum, impropriety, indecorum)

48 小差大錯 ............................... 096
(mistake, error, blunder, howler, inaccuracy, omission, slip)

49 不准發聲 ............................... 098
(hush, gag, muzzle, silence, mute)

50 生財有道 ............................... 100
(income, pay, wage, salary, emolument, honorarium)

51 誰是內鬼 ............................... 102
(traitor, betrayer, whistle-blower, informer, tattler)

52 導航北斗 ............................... 104
(lodestar, role model, guide, prototype, paradigm, paragon, epitome, embodiment)

53 亂七八糟 ............................... 106
(chaotic, disordered, confused, tumultuous, turbulent)

54 衝動魯莽 ............................... 108
(impetuous, impulsive, rash, headlong, foolhardy, imprudent, hot-headed, ill-considered, immature, thoughtless, reckless)

55 互相挖苦 ............................... 110
(harsh, blunt, sharp, tart, testy)

56 努力奮鬥 ............................... 112
(try, attempt, endeavor, strive, struggle, do one’s best, make an effort, have a go)

57 引起情緒 ............................... 114
(kindle, ignite, inflame, spark, arouse, excite, stimulate)

58 總有希望 ............................... 116
(hope, wish, ambition, aspiration, desire, dream, expectation, anticipation)

59 灰心失望 ............................... 118
(hopeless, despairing, desperate, despondent, disheartened, forlorn)

60 一無是處 ............................... 120
(good-for-nothing, ne’er-do-well, rubbish, deadbeat, failure, slouch)

61 泰然自若 ............................... 122
(calm, composure, equanimity, sangfroid)

62 反覆無常 ............................... 124
(capricious, unpredictable, mercurial, fickle, volatile, whimsical)

63 轉彎抹角 ............................... 126
(tortuous, winding, sinuous, convoluted, complicated, complex)

64 讚頌之辭 ............................... 128
(eulogy, tribute, citation, encomium, panegyric)

65 大方得體 ............................... 130
(decency, civility, decorum, propriety, dignity)

66 誤以為真 ............................... 132
(delusion, illusion, hallucination, misconception, self-deception)

67 推陳出新 ............................... 134
(new, fresh, novel, innovative)

68 時來運轉 ............................... 136
(change, alternation, adjustments, amendment, modification)

69 令人驚訝 ............................... 138
(surprise, amaze, astonish, astound, startle, stun, shock)

70 功敗垂成 ............................... 140
(fail, fall through, miscarry, collapse, break down)

71 東成西就 ............................... 142
(succeed, manage to, pull off, achieve, accomplish, realise, fulfil, complete, reach)

72 細說因由 ............................... 144
(explained, clarify, elaborate, expound, enlighten, interpret)

73 個別事件 ............................... 146
(event, incident, happenings)

74 二次創作 ............................... 148
(parody, burlesque, caricature, copy, imitate, ape, emulate)

75 含沙射影 ............................... 150
(suggest, hint, imply, indicate, insinuate, intimate)

76 政府停擺 ............................... 152
(shutdown, closedown, closure, cessation, suspension, halt)

77 停薪留職 ............................... 154
(furlough, leave, suspension,)

78 抱恙在身 ............................... 156
(illness, sickness, disease, complaint, condition, disorder, infection, malady, ailment, indisposition, seizure)

79 酒酣耳熱 ............................... 158
(drunk, intoxicated, legless, paralytic, over the limit, blasted, blitzed, boozy, fried, juiced, ripped, wiped out, in the bag)

80 銅牆鐵壁 ............................... 160
(walls, fences, blockades, barricades, barriers)

81 脫歐百態 ............................... 162
(Brexit, exit, quit, withdraw from, pull out from)

82 罪犯天堂 ............................... 164
(haven, refuge, sanctuary, shelter, hideaway, hideout)

83 忠實朋友 ............................... 166
(loyal, faithful, staunch, steadfast, unswerving, unwavering, unfaltering)

84 背信棄義 ............................... 168
(disloyal, faithless, unfaithful, treacherous, perfidious, deceitful, traitorous, false)

產品資料

作者
ISBN
9789620758331
分類
英語學習
裝幀
平裝
著書語言
英漢(繁)
出版日期
2019-07-10
頁數
184

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